BBC Teach – KS2 – Music – The History of Music with Naomi

The Classical time period extends from about 1750 to about 1810 and two of the ‘giants’ of classical new music are Haydn and Mozart. Tunes has created drastically given that the Medieval period and now there are innumerable contrasting models of composition this kind of as symphonies, concertos, solo items, quartets and opera.

Naomi introduces an excerpt from the opera The Magic Flute by Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791). We listen to two voices: a soprano (a large woman voice) and a baritone (a very low male voice). An opera tells a story: it is a extraordinary work in a person or more acts, established to tunes for singers and instrumentalists. Listed here the baritone portion is that of Papageno – 50 % gentleman, half hen. Papageno performs for the Queen of the Evening, catching birds. We hear him singing with the character Papagena.

Naomi then explores the variance amongst the harpsichord and the piano and describes how the number of devices offered to composers expanded at this time, with the invention of new devices these types of as the clarinet. The growth of instrumental know-how experienced an impact too, allowing for for better expression, a increased array of timbres and a better distinction in dynamics. Orchestras enhanced in sizing and offered composers ever rising possibilities for the selection of audio created.

We listen to a clip from a symphony by Joseph Bologne (1745-1799), a up to date of Mozart. The symphony was a very crucial sort through the Classical interval. A symphony is a significant-scale orchestral perform and is usually in four movements. The clip we listen to is from the 1st motion entitled ‘Allegro’, which an Italian musical expression indicating ‘fast’.

In distinction, the string quartet has only 4 devices: two violins, a viola and a cello. Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) is the German composer of ‘The Rider’, a quartet starting with a dim, spectacular gallop. Naomi describes that Haydn wrote
above 60 quartets and that a person of his improvements was to examine providing not just the to start with violin a leading role, but dividing the melodies more equally among all the instruments.

The video clip ends with Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) and his Symphony Range 5. We discover that German composer Beethoven was a ground-breaker, who pushed boundaries. The tunes is strong and psychological the critical is C minor, making a darkish, foreboding seem.

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